Gordon Hanson

Professor; Pacific Economic Cooperation Chair in International Economic Relations; Director, Center on Global Transformation

Gordon Hanson holds the Pacific Economic Cooperation Chair in International Economic Relations at UC San Diego, and has faculty positions in the Department of Economics and GPS, where he also is director of the Center on Global Transformation. He is a professor at the School and is presently a research associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research, a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and co-editor of the Journal of Economic Perspectives. He is a past co-editor of the Review of Economics and Statistics and the Journal of Development Economics.

Hanson received his Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1992 and his B.A. from Occidental College in 1986. Prior to joining UC San Diego in 2001, he served on the economics faculty of the University of Michigan and the University of Texas. Hanson specializes in the economics of international trade, international migration and foreign direct investment. He has published extensively in the top academic journals of the economics discipline, is widely cited for his research by scholars from across the social sciences and is frequently quoted in major media outlets. Hanson’s current research addresses how trade with China has affected the U.S. labor market, the consequences of skilled immigration for the U.S. economy and the long-run determinants of comparative advantage.

Education and CV

Ph.D., Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1992
A.B., Economics, Occidental College, 1986
CV
Google Citations

GPS Spotlight

Office hours: Professor Gordon Hanson

Research read round the world

A team effort

China Trade Shock website

Learn more about the impact of China's rise on workers, firms and markets.

Recent Working Papers

"Tradability and the Labor-Market Impact of Immigration: Theory and Evidence from the U.S.," September 2017. (with Ariel Burstein, Lin Tian and Jonathan Vogel)

"Response to Robert Feenstra, Hong Ma, and Yuan Xu’s Comment on Autor, Dorn, and Hanson (AER 2013)," April 2017. (with David Autor and David Dorn)

"Comment on Jonathan Rothwell’s Critique of Autor, Dorn, and Hanson (2013)," March 2017. (with David Autor and David Dorn)

"A Note on the Effect of Rising Trade Exposure on the 2016 Presidential Election," March 2017. (with David Autor, David Dorn, and Kaveh Majlesi)

"When Work Disappears: Manufacturing Decline and the Falling Marriage-Market Value of Men," March 2017. (with David Autor and David Dorn)

"Mapping Urban Land Cover: A Novel Machine Learning Approach Using Landsat and Nighttime Lights," February 2017. (with Ran Goldblatt, Michelle F. Stuhlmacher, Beth Tellman, Nicholas Clinton, Matei Georgescu, Chuyuan Wang, Fidel Serrano-Candela, Amit K. Khandelwal, Wan-Hwa Cheng, Robert C. Balling, Jr.)

“Importing Political Polarization? The Electoral Consequences of Rising Trade Exposure.” January 2017. (with David Autor, David Dorn, and Kaveh Majlesi)

“Foreign Competition and Domestic Innovation: Evidence from US Patents,” NBER Working Paper No. 22897, December 2016. (with David Autor, David Dorn, Gary Pisano, and Pian Shu)

“The Dynamics of Comparative Advantage,” June 2016. (with Nelson Lind and Marc Muendler 

“High-Skilled Immigration and the Rise of STEM Occupations in US Employment,” NBER Working Paper No. 22623, September 2016. (with Matthew Slaughter)

Data Sets

Foreign outsourcing by U.S. manufacturing industries, 1979-1990.

Reading Lists

International Economics, IRCO 403

Topics in International Trade, IRGN 435

Empirical Topics in International Trade, ECON 247

International Trade

Economic Geography

U.S. Immigration/Mexico Emigration

International Migration


International Trade

“The China Shock: Learning about Labor Market Adjustment to Large Changes in Trade,” Annual Review of Economics, 8, 2016: 205-240, with David Autor and David Dorn.

“Import Competition and the Great US Employment Sag of the 2000s,” Journal of Labor Economics, 34(S1, part 2), 2016: S141-S198, with Daron Acemoglu, David Autor, David Dorn, and Brendan Price. 

"Untangling Trade and Technology: Evidence from Local Labor Markets," Economic Journal, 125(584), 2015: 621-646, with David Autor and David Dorn.

"Adjustment to Trade: Worker Level Evidence," Quarterly Journal of Economics, 129(4), 2014: 1799-1860, with David Autor, David Dorn, and Jae Song. Online Appendix.
 
“Return of the Solow Paradox? IT, Productivity and Employment in U.S. Manufacturing.”  American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings, 104(5), 2014: 394-399, with Daron Acemoglu, David Autor, David Dorn, and Brendan Price.
 
"The China Syndrome: Local Labor Market Effects of Import Competition in the United States," American Economic Review, 103(6), 2013: 2121-2168., with David Autor and David Dorn. China Syndrome_Theory Appendix.
 
"The Geography of Trade and Technology Shocks in the United States." American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings, 103(3), 2013: 220-225, with David Autor and David Dorn.
 
"Exporting Christianity: Governance and Doctrine in the Globalization of US Denominations," Journal of International Economics, 91(2), 2013: 301-320, with Chong Xiang.
 
"The Rise of Middle Kingdoms: Emerging Economies in Global Trade," Journal of Economic Perspectives, 26(2), 2012, 41-64.
 
"Volatility due to Outsourcing: Theory and Evidence," Journal of International Economics, 85(2), 2011: 163-173, with Paul Bergin and Robert Feenstra.
 
"Trade Barriers and Trade Flows with Product Heterogeneity: An Application to U.S. Motion Picture Exports," Journal of International Economics, 83, 2011: 14-26, with Chong Xiang.
 
"Why Isn't Mexico Rich?" Journal of Economic Literature, December 48(4), 2010: 987-1004.
 
"Export-Led Growth v2.0", Economic Premise, Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Network, The World Bank, March 2010, Number 3, with Otaviano Canuto and Mona Haddad.
 
"China and the Manufacturing Exports of Other Developing Countries," in Robert Feenstra and Shang Jin Wei, eds., China's Growing Role in World Trade, Chicago: University of Chicago Press and the NBER, 2010, 137-159. (with Raymond Robertson)
 
"Offshoring and Volatility: Evidence from Mexico's Maquiladora Indsutry," American Economic Review, September (2009): 1664-1671. (with Paul Bergin and Robert Feenstra)
 
"International Trade in Motion Picture Services," in Matthew Slaughter and Marshall Reinsdorf, eds., International Flows of Invisibles: Trade in Services and Intangibles in the Era of Globalization, Chicago: University of Chicago Press and the NBER, 2009, 203-225. (with Chong Xiang)
 
"Globalization, Labor Income, and Poverty in Mexico," in Ann Harrison, ed., Globalization and Poverty, Chicago: University of Chicago Press and the National Bureau of Economic Research, 2007, 417-456.
 
"Vertical Production Networks in Multinational Firms," Review of Economics and Statistics, November 2005: 664-678, with Raymond Mataloni and Matthew Slaughter.
 
"Ownership and Control in Outsourcing to China: Estimating the Property Rights Theory of the Firm," Quarterly Journal of Economics, May 2005, 120(2): 729-762, with Robert Feenstra. Appendix.
 
"Intermediaries in Entrepôt Trade: Hong Kong Re-Exports of Chinese Goods," Journal of Economics and Management Strategy, 13(2004): 3-36, with Robert Feenstra.
 
"Technology, Trade, and Adjustment to Immigration in Israel," European Economic Review, 48(2004): 403-428, with Matthew Slaughter and Neil Gandal.
 
"What Has Happened to Wages in Mexico since NAFTA?" in Toni Estevadeordal, Dani Rodrick, Alan Taylor, Andres Velasco, eds., FTAA and Beyond: Prospects for Integration in the Americas, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2004.

Economic Geography

“Detecting the Boundaries of Urban Areas in India: A Dataset for Pixel-Based Image Classification in Google Earth Engine,” Remote Sensing, 2016 (8)8, 634, with Ran Goldblatt, Amit Khandelwal, and Wei You.

"Market Potential, Increasing Returns, and Geographic Concentration," Journal of International Economies, September 2005, 67(1): 1-24.

"The Home Market Effect and Bilateral Trade Patterns," American Economic Review, September 2004, 94: 1108-1129, with Chong Xiang.

U.S. Immigration/Mexico Emigration

“The Rise and Fall of U.S. Low-Skilled Immigration,” Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 2017, with Chen Liu and Craig McIntosh.

“High-Skilled Immigration and the Comparative Advantage of Foreign Born Workers across US Occupations,” in High-Skilled Migration to the United States and its Economic Consequences, University of Chicago Press, 2017, with Chen Liu.

“High-Skilled Immigration and the Rise of STEM Occupations in US Employment,” in Education, Skills, and Technical Change: Implications for Future U.S. GDP Growth, University of Chicago Press, 2016, with Matthew Slaughter.

“Is the Mediterranean the New Rio Grande? US and EU Immigration Pressures in the Long Run.” Journal of Economic Perspectives, 30(4), 2016: 1-25, with Craig McIntosh.

"Attracting Talent: Location Choices of Foreign Born PhDs in the US," Journal of Labor Economics, 33(S1), 2015: S5-S38, with Jeffrey Grogger.
 
"Talent, Immigration, and U.S. Economic Competitiveness." Compete America, May 2013, with Matthew J. Slaughter.
 
"The Scale and Selectivity of Foreign Born PhD Recipients in the U.S." American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings, 103(3), 2013: 189-92, with Jeffrey Grogger.
 
"Substitution between Immigrants, Natives and Skill Groups," Journal of the European Economic Association, 10(1), 2012, with George Borjas and Jeffrey Grogger.
 
"The Great Mexican Emigration," Review of Economics and Statistics, November 92(4), 2010: 798-810, with Craig McIntosh.
 
"Future Directions for Research on Immigration," American Economic Association White Paper for Future Research in the Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences, October 2010.
 
"Illegal Immigration: Considering the Costs and Benefits," The American: The Journal of the American Enterprise Institute, October 1, 2010.
 
"Immigration and the Economic Status of African-American Men," Economica, April 77(306), 2010: 255-282, with George Borjas and Jeff Grogger.
 
"The Economics and Policy of Illegal Immigration in the United States," Migration Policy Institute Report, December 2009.
 
"The Demography of Mexican Migration to the US," American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings, May 99(2009): 22–27. (with Craig McIntosh)
 
"Individual Preferences over High-Skilled Immigration in the United States," in Jagdish Bhagwati and Gordon Hanson, eds., Skilled Immigration Today: Problems, Prospects, and Policies, Oxford University Press, 2009, 207-246. (with Kenneth Scheve and Matthew Slaughter)
 
"Local Public Finance and Individual Preferences over Globalization Strategies," Economics and Politics, 19(2007): 1-33, with Kenneth Scheve and Matthew Slaughter.
 
"Emigration, Remittances, and Labor Force Participation in Mexico," Integration and Trade Journal, 27(2007): 73-103.
 
"The Economic Logic of Illegal Immigration," Council Special Report No. 26, Council on Foreign Relations, April 2007.
 
"Emigration, Labor Supply and Earnings in Mexico,"  in George Borjas, ed., Mexican Immigration, Chicago: University of Chicago Press and the National Bureau of Economic Research, 2007, 289-328.
 
"Illegal Migration from Mexico to the United States," Journal of Economic Literature, December 44(2006): 869-924.
 
"International Migration, Self-Selection, and the Distribution of Wages: Evidence from Mexico and the United States," Journal of Political Economy, April 2005, 113(2): 239-281, with Daniel Chiquiar.
 
“Why Does Immigration Divide America? Public Finance and Political Opposition to Open Borders,” Washington DC: Institute for International Economics, 2005.
 
"Challenges for US Immigration Policy," in C. Fred Bergsten, ed., The United States and the World Economy: Foreign Economic Policy for the Next Decade, Washington DC: Institute of International Economics, 2005, 343-372.
 

International Migration

"International Migration and Human Rights," in Katherine Hite and Mark Unger, eds., Sustaining Human Rights in the Twenty-First Century, Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013, 245-266.
 
"Birthrates and Border Crossings: Latin American Migration to the US, Canada, Spain, and the UK," Economic Journal, 122(562), 2012, 707–726, with Craig McIntosh.
 
"Income Maximization and the Selection and Sorting of International Migrants," Journal of Development Economics, Journal of Development Economics, 95(1), 2011: 42-57, with Jeff Grogger.
 
"International Migration and Development," in Ravi Kanbur and A. Michael Spence, eds., Equity in a Global World, Washington, DC: The World Bank, 2010, 229-262.
 
"International Migration and the Developing World," in Dani Rodrik and Mark Rosenzweig, eds., Handbook of Development Economics, Vol. 5, Amsterdam: North Holland, 2010, 4363-4414.
 
"The Governance of Migration Policy," Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, May 11(2), 2010: 185-208.
 
"The Economic Consequences of International Migration," Annual Review of Economics, 1(2009): 179-208.

Globalization and the China Shock

Immigration

NAFTA


Globalization and the China Shock

"How Did Marriage Become a Mark of Privilege?" New York Times, Sept. 25, 2017.

"America’s programme to help trade’s losers needs fixing," The Economist | Aid for trade, June 29, 2017.

"Help Losers of Mainly Beneficial Freer Trade," Wall Street Journal, April 12, 2017.

"Trump Can't Bring Back All Those Jobs From China. Here's What He Can Do," NPR, April 7, 2017.

"‘Carnage’ Indeed, but Trump’s Policies Would Make It Worse," New York Times, March 28, 2017.

"Competition from China reduced innovation in the US," VoxEU.org, March 20, 2017.

"Trump's Jobs Plan Could Lead to Marriage Boom:Study," FOXBusiness, Feb. 24, 2017.

"Economists to Trump: It’s Not the Trade Deficit, Stupid," Foreign Policy, Feb. 22, 2017.

"Why the White House seems a little jealous of Germany," Washington Post, Feb. 2, 2017.

'Trump Country' Might Suffer More in a Trade War, Study Says," Wall Street Journal, Jan. 30, 2017. 

"Peter Navarro is about to become one of the world’s most powerful economists," The Economist, Jan. 21, 2017.

"How China may have cost Clinton the election," Washington Post, Dec. 1, 2016.

"Jump in Chinese Imports Gave Trump Election Boost, Study Finds," Wall Street Journal, Nov. 22, 2016.

"Coming and going," The Economist, Oct. 1, 2016.

"Waking the Sleeping Dragon," Slate, Sept. 28, 2016.

"More Wealth, More Jobs, but Not for Everyone: What Fuels the Backlash on Trade," New York Times, Sept. 28, 2016.

"How one U.S. company is trying to surf the tides of foreign trade," (video) PBS NewsHour, Sept. 8, 2016.

"Read Hillary’s Lips: No Pacific Trade Deal," Wall Street Journal, Aug. 16, 2016.

"How the China Shock, Deep and Swift, Spurred the Rise of Trump," Wall Street Journal, Aug. 11, 2016.

"Election 2016 Is Propelled by the American Economy’s Failed Promises," Wall Street Journal, July 7, 2016.

"The consensus crumbles," The Economist, July 2, 2016.

"The harsh downside of free trade – and the glimmer of hope," The Christian Science Monitor, June 28, 2016.

"The science behind Donald Trump’s ‘us versus them’ rhetoric," Los Angeles Times, May 23, 2016.

"Helping Unemployment Through Wage Insurance, Other Options," Here & Now, May 19, 2016.

"US Labor Market Adjustment to China Trade Shocks," Peterson Institute for International Economics, May 5, 2016.

"Why Trump Now?" New York Times, March 1, 2016.

"Trade in the balance," The Economist, Feb. 6, 2016.

"So What Would It Mean to ‘Beat China’ on Trade?" New York Times, Jan. 28, 2016.

“Free Trade with China Wasn’t Such a Good Idea for the U.S.” BloombergView, Jan. 26, 2016.

“Could this Map Make Donald Trump President?” Slate.com, Jan. 26, 2016.

“Donald Trump, Made in China,” Slate, Jan. 8, 2016.

“Perils of Globalization When Factories Close and Towns Struggle,” New York Times, May 16, 2015.

“Obama’s Uphill Push for Free Trade,” Wall Street Journal, April 30, 2015.

“A Fast Track for the Trans-Pacific Partnership,” On Point, WBUR, April 21, 2015.

“How the Vise on US Wages Tightened,” Wall Street Journal, March 31, 2015. 

“Free Trade: Obama’s Legacy and Your Pocketbook,” To the Point, KCRW, March 17, 2015.

“A Trade Deal Liberals Can Live With,” Bloomberg, March 17, 2015. 

“Why Obama’s Key Trade Deal with Asia Would Actually Be Good for American Workers,” Washington Post, March 12, 2015.

“Globalization That Works for Workers at Home,” New York Times, Feb. 25, 2015.

“The Rise of China and the Future of US Manufacturing,” VOX EU, September 28, 2014.
 
“This Time, Get Global Trade Right,” New York Times, April 20, 2014.
 
“Tech Leaps, Job Losses and Rising Inequality,” New York Times, April 16, 2014.
 
“Is the American Middle Class Losing out to India and China?” New York Times, April 1, 2014.

“Explained: Why Obama Loves Trade and Democrats Hate It.” Washington Post, Feb. 25, 2014.

“Twin Storms for US Workers: Chinese Imports and Technological Change.” Christian Science Monitor, June 13, 2013.

"Is Globalization Wiping out the American Surfboard Industry?" PBS News Hour, March 21, 2013.

"Technology, Trade and Fewer Jobs." New York Times. Feb. 14, 2013.

"Who’s Afraid of the Dragon?" The Economist. October 15, 2011.

"More Foreign Investment Wanted, Marketplace." National Public Radio. Oct. 10, 2011.

"The Downside of Trade with China." Marketplace, National Public Radio. Sept. 27, 2011.

"Tallying the Toll of U.S.-China Trade." Wall Street Journal. Sept. 27, 2011.

Immigration

"Fewer hombres: The big hole in Trump’s wall," The Economist, April 18, 2017.

"The facts about immigration," New Yorker, March 31, 2017.

"New research finds the U.S. may not need a wall to keep immigrants out," Washington Post, March 24, 2017.

"Fewer Immigrants, Higher Prices, Lower Profits," Wall Street Journal, March 23, 2017.

"The Era of Massive Low-Skilled Immigration May Already Be Over," Wall Street Journal, March 23, 2017.

"Mexican Breadwinners Fear Paying For Trump's Border Wall," KPBS (audio), Feb. 8, 2017.

"Making Mexico Pay for Border Wall: Ideas Abound, and So Do Obstacles," New York Times, Jan. 26, 2017. 

"The Importance of Highly Skilled Immigrants for Innovation and Productivity in the U.S.," NBER, November 2016.

"Is Any Immigration Reform Possible in This Political Climate?" New York Times, Sept. 12, 2016.

"The Crumbling Case for a Mexican Border Wall," New York Times, Sept. 6, 2016.

"The “Show Me the Money” Edition," Slate, June 23, 2016.

"Where Jobs Are Squeezed by Chinese Trade, Voters Seek Extremes," New York Times, April 25, 2016.

"Free trade critics love to cite this economist. But he actually thinks trade is essential." Vox World, April 20, 2016.

"Campaign Talk Misses Signs That Forces of Globalization Are Sputtering," Wall Street Journal, April 3, 2016.

"Trade, at what price?" The Economist, April 2, 2016.

"Jobs and Trade on the Campaign Trail," New York Times, April 2, 2016.

"On Trade, Angry Voters Have a Point," New York Times, March 15, 2016.

"The Thorny Economics of Illegal Immigration," Wall Street Journal, Feb. 9, 2016.

"Donald Trump’s Shaky Grasp on Immigration," New York Times, Sept. 1, 2015. 

“Want Tougher Border Security? Hope for an Awful Economy.” Washington Post, June 24, 2013.

“How Will Immigration Reform Affect California’s Economy?” KALW, 91.7 FM, San Francisco, June 4, 2013.

"For Medicare, Immigrants Offer Surplus, Study Finds." New York Times, May 29, 2013.

"A Novel Idea: Build Monster.com for Immigrant Labor." Bloomberg Businessweek, April 13, 2013.

"The U.S.-Mexico Border Got Secured. Problem Solved?" Bloomberg Businessweek. Feb. 21, 2013.

"Selling Amnesty." New York Times. Feb. 3, 2013.

"The Economics of Immigration: Who Wins, Who Loses, and Why." Time. Jan. 30, 2013.

"Want Tighter Border Security? You Are Already Getting It." Washington Post. Jan. 29, 2013.

"Free Exchange: Border Follies." The Economist. Nov. 17, 2012.

"The Good Newt." New York Times Opinion Pages. Dec. 11, 2011.

"The Economic Reality of Tough Immigration Laws." National Public Radio, All Things Considered. Oct. 8, 2011.

"Managing Immigration in High Income Countries." Center for Research and Analysis of Migration, University College London. March 23, 2010.

"The Economics and Policy of Illegal Immigration." Migration Policy Institute. Dec. 2, 2009. Video Presentation.

"Immigration, Public Policy and the Skills Debate." Ford School of Public Policy, University of Michigan. Nov. 19, 2009. Video Presentation.

"Room for Debate: The Competition for Low-Wage Jobs." New York Times. March 18, 2009.

"The Costs of Immigration." BlogTalkRadio. August 2008. Panel Discussion with Mike Farrell.

"The Body Politic: Immigration 2008." UCSD TV. July 2008. Panel Discussion with Wayne Corneilius.

"Dodging the Guest Worker Bullet." Wall Street Journal. July 5, 2007. Opinion-Editorial, p. A15.

"Free Markets Need Free People." Wall Street Journal. April 10, 2007. Opinion-Editorial, p. A19.

NAFTA

"What Peter Navarro gets right on trade," POLITICO, Oct. 18, 2017.

"Labor Wants to Make Nafta Its Friend. Here’s the Problem." New York Times, Aug. 22, 2017.

"Trump Move on Job Training Brings ‘Skills Gap’ Debate to the Fore," New York Times, June 15, 2017.

"Did NAFTA cost or create jobs? Both," Marketplace, March 22, 2017.

"Trump wants to ding imports from Mexico. What happens to stuff we send the other way?" Washington Post, Jan. 27, 2017.

"The consensus crumbles," The Economist, July 2, 2016.

"The harsh downside of free trade – and the glimmer of hope," The Christian Science Monitor, June 28, 2016.

"Economist: NAFTA Benefits Economy Despite Job Losses," Here & Now, April 27, 2016.

"Trump vows to 'break' NAFTA, but many workers may owe their jobs to free trade," PRI's The World, March 30, 2016.

"Nafta May Have Saved Many Autoworkers’ Jobs," New York Times, March 29, 2016.

"On Trade, Angry Voters Have a Point," New York Times, March 15, 2016.

“Could this Map Make Donald Trump President?” Slate.com, Jan. 26, 2016.

“Perils of Globalization When Factories Close and Towns Struggle,” New York Times, May 16, 2015.

“A Fast Track for the Trans-Pacific Partnership,” On Point, WBUR, April 21, 2015.

“20 Years Later: NAFTA’s Impact on US-Mexico Trade,” KPBS Evening Edition, March 5, 2014.

"ECONOMIX BLOG: The Free-Trade Blues." New York Times, Aug. 5, 2013.  

"Why Isn’t Mexico Rich?" Interview with Expansion Magazine. Nov. 30, 2010.

Gordon Hanson