Gordon Hanson

Pacific Economic Cooperation Chair in International Economic Relations; Director, Center on Global Transformation

Gordon Hanson holds the Pacific Economic Cooperation Chair in International Economic Relations at UC San Diego, and has faculty positions in the Department of Economics and GPS, where he also is director of the Center on Global Transformation. He is former acting dean of the School and is presently a research associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research, a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and co-editor of the Journal of Economic Perspectives. He is a past co-editor of the Review of Economics and Statistics and the Journal of Development Economics.

Hanson received his Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1992 and his B.A. from Occidental College in 1986. Prior to joining UC San Diego in 2001, he served on the economics faculty of the University of Michigan and the University of Texas. Hanson specializes in the economics of international trade, international migration and foreign direct investment. He has published extensively in the top academic journals of the economics discipline, is widely cited for his research by scholars from across the social sciences and is frequently quoted in major media outlets. Hanson’s current research addresses how trade with China has affected the U.S. labor market, the consequences of skilled immigration for the U.S. economy and the long-run determinants of comparative advantage.

Education and CV

Ph.D., Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1992
A.B., Economics, Occidental College, 1986
Google Citations

Recent Working Papers

“Foreign Competition and Domestic Innovation: Evidence from US Patents,” January 2016. (with David Autor, David Dorn, Gary Pisano, and Pian Shu)
“The Dynamics of Comparative Advantage,” NBER Working Paper No. 21753, November 2015. (with Nelson Lind and Marc Muendler)

“The Labor Market and the Marriage Market: How Adverse Trade Shocks Affect Marriage, Fertility and Children’s Living Circumstances,” October 2015. (with David Autor and David Dorn)
“High-Skilled Immigration and the Rise of STEM Occupations in US Employment,” September 2015. (with Matthew Slaughter)

Data Sets

Foreign outsourcing by U.S. manufacturing industries, 1979-1990.

Reading Lists

International Economics, IRCO 403
Topics in International Trade, IRGN 435
Empirical Topics in International Trade, ECON 247

International Trade

U.S. Immigration/Mexico Emigration

International Migration

International Trade

“The China Shock: Learning about Labor Market Adjustment to Large Changes in Trade,” Annual Review of Economics, February 2016, with David Autor and David Dorn.

“Import Competition and the Great US Employment Sag of the 2000s,” Journal of Labor Economics, 34(S1, part 2), 2016: S141-S198, with Daron Acemoglu, David Autor, David Dorn, and Brendan Price.

"Adjustment to Trade: Worker Level Evidence," Quarterly Journal of Economics, 129(4), 2014: 1799-1860, with David Autor, David Dorn, and Jae Song. Online Appendix.
"Untangling Trade and Technology: Evidence from Local Labor Markets," Economic Journal, 125(584), 2015: 621-646, with David Autor and David Dorn.
“Return of the Solow Paradox? IT, Productivity and Employment in U.S. Manufacturing.”  American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings, 104(5), 2014: 394-399, with Daron Acemoglu, David Autor, David Dorn, and Brendan Price.
"The China Syndrome: Local Labor Market Effects of Import Competition in the United States," American Economic Review, 103(6), 2013: 2121-2168., with David Autor and David Dorn. China Syndrome_Theory Appendix.
"The Geography of Trade and Technology Shocks in the United States." American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings, 103(3), 2013: 220-225, with David Autor and David Dorn.
"Exporting Christianity: Governance and Doctrine in the Globalization of US Denominations," Journal of International Economics, 91(2), 2013: 301-320, with Chong Xiang.
"The Rise of Middle Kingdoms: Emerging Economies in Global Trade," Journal of Economic Perspectives, 26(2), 2012, 41-64.
"Volatility due to Outsourcing: Theory and Evidence," Journal of International Economics, 85(2), 2011: 163-173, with Paul Bergin and Robert Feenstra.
"Trade Barriers and Trade Flows with Product Heterogeneity: An Application to U.S. Motion Picture Exports," Journal of International Economics, 83, 2011: 14-26, with Chong Xiang.
"Why Isn't Mexico Rich?" Journal of Economic Literature, December 48(4), 2010: 987-1004.
"Export-Led Growth v2.0", Economic Premise, Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Network, The World Bank, March 2010, Number 3, with Otaviano Canuto and Mona Haddad.
"China and the Manufacturing Exports of Other Developing Countries," in Robert Feenstra and Shang Jin Wei, eds., China's Growing Role in World Trade, Chicago: University of Chicago Press and the NBER, 2010, 137-159. (with Raymond Robertson)
"Offshoring and Volatility: Evidence from Mexico's Maquiladora Indsutry," American Economic Review, September 99(2009): 1664-1671. (with Paul Bergin and Robert Feenstra)
"International Trade in Motion Picture Services," in Matthew Slaughter and Marshall Reinsdorf, eds., International Flows of Invisibles: Trade in Services and Intangibles in the Era of Globalization, Chicago: University of Chicago Press and the NBER, 2009, 203-225. (with Chong Xiang)
"Globalization, Labor Income, and Poverty in Mexico," in Ann Harrison, ed., Globalization and Poverty, Chicago: University of Chicago Press and the National Bureau of Economic Research, 2007, 417-456.
"Vertical Production Networks in Multinational Firms," Review of Economics and Statistics, November 2005: 664-678, with Raymond Mataloni and Matthew Slaughter.
"Market Potential, Increasing Returns, and Geographic Concentration," Journal of International Economies, September 2005, 67(1): 1-24.
"Ownership and Control in Outsourcing to China: Estimating the Property Rights Theory of the Firm," Quarterly Journal of Economics, May 2005, 120(2): 729-762, with Robert Feenstra. Appendix.
"The Home Market Effect and Bilateral Trade Patterns," American Economic Review, September 2004, 94: 1108-1129, with Chong Xiang.
"Intermediaries in Entrepôt Trade: Hong Kong Re-Exports of Chinese Goods," Journal of Economics and Management Strategy, 13(2004): 3-36, with Robert Feenstra.
"Technology, Trade, and Adjustment to Immigration in Israel," European Economic Review, 48(2004): 403-428, with Matthew Slaughter and Neil Gandal.
"What Has Happened to Wages in Mexico since NAFTA?" in Toni Estevadeordal, Dani Rodrick, Alan Taylor, Andres Velasco, eds., FTAA and Beyond: Prospects for Integration in the Americas, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2004.

U.S. Immigration/Mexico Emigration

"Attracting Talent: Location Choices of Foreign Born PhDs in the US," Journal of Labor Economics, 33(S1), 2015: S5-S38, with Jeffrey Grogger.
"Talent, Immigration, and U.S. Economic Competitiveness." Compete America, May 2013, with Matthew J. Slaughter.
"The Scale and Selectivity of Foreign Born PhD Recipients in the U.S." American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings, 103(3), 2013: 189-92, with Jeffrey Grogger.
"Substitution between Immigrants, Natives and Skill Groups," Journal of the European Economic Association, 10(1), 2012, with George Borjas and Jeffrey Grogger.
"The Great Mexican Emigration," Review of Economics and Statistics, November 92(4), 2010: 798-810, with Craig McIntosh.
"Future Directions for Research on Immigration," American Economic Association White Paper for Future Research in the Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences, October 2010.
"Illegal Immigration: Considering the Costs and Benefits," The American: The Journal of the American Enterprise Institute, October 1, 2010.
"Immigration and the Economic Status of African-American Men," Economica, April 77(306), 2010: 255-282, with George Borjas and Jeff Grogger.
"The Economics and Policy of Illegal Immigration in the United States," Migration Policy Institute Report, December 2009.
"The Demography of Mexican Migration to the US," American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings, May 99(2009): 22–27. (with Craig McIntosh)
"Individual Preferences over High-Skilled Immigration in the United States," in Jagdish Bhagwati and Gordon Hanson, eds., Skilled Immigration Today: Problems, Prospects, and Policies, Oxford University Press, 2009, 207-246. (with Kenneth Scheve and Matthew Slaughter)
"Local Public Finance and Individual Preferences over Globalization Strategies," Economics and Politics, 19(2007): 1-33, with Kenneth Scheve and Matthew Slaughter.
"Emigration, Remittances, and Labor Force Participation in Mexico," Integration and Trade Journal, 27(2007): 73-103.
"The Economic Logic of Illegal Immigration," Council Special Report No. 26, Council on Foreign Relations, April 2007.
"Emigration, Labor Supply and Earnings in Mexico,"  in George Borjas, ed., Mexican Immigration, Chicago: University of Chicago Press and the National Bureau of Economic Research, 2007, 289-328.
"Illegal Migration from Mexico to the United States," Journal of Economic Literature, December 44(2006): 869-924.
"International Migration, Self-Selection, and the Distribution of Wages: Evidence from Mexico and the United States," Journal of Political Economy, April 2005, 113(2): 239-281, with Daniel Chiquiar.
“Why Does Immigration Divide America? Public Finance and Political Opposition to Open Borders,” Washington DC: Institute for International Economics, 2005.
"Challenges for US Immigration Policy," in C. Fred Bergsten, ed., The United States and the World Economy: Foreign Economic Policy for the Next Decade, Washington DC: Institute of International Economics, 2005, 343-372.

International Migration

"International Migration and Human Rights," in Katherine Hite and Mark Unger, eds., Sustaining Human Rights in the Twenty-First Century, Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013, 245-266.
"Birthrates and Border Crossings: Latin American Migration to the US, Canada, Spain, and the UK," Economic Journal, 122(562), 2012, 707–726, with Craig McIntosh.
"Income Maximization and the Selection and Sorting of International Migrants," Journal of Development Economics, Journal of Development Economics, 95(1), 2011: 42-57, with Jeff Grogger.
"International Migration and Development," in Ravi Kanbur and A. Michael Spence, eds., Equity in a Global World, Washington, DC: The World Bank, 2010, 229-262.
"International Migration and the Developing World," in Dani Rodrik and Mark Rosenzweig, eds., Handbook of Development Economics, Vol. 5, Amsterdam: North Holland, 2010, 4363-4414.
"The Governance of Migration Policy," Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, May 11(2), 2010: 185-208.
"The Economic Consequences of International Migration," Annual Review of Economics, 1(2009): 179-208.

"The science behind Donald Trump’s ‘us versus them’ rhetoric," Los Angeles Times, May 23, 2016.

"Helping Unemployment Through Wage Insurance, Other Options," Here & Now, May 19, 2016.

"US Labor Market Adjustment to China Trade Shocks," Peterson Institute for International Economics, May 5, 2016.

"Economist: NAFTA Benefits Economy Despite Job Losses," Here & Now, April 27, 2016.

"Where Jobs Are Squeezed by Chinese Trade, Voters Seek Extremes," New York Times, April 25, 2016.

"Free trade critics love to cite this economist. But he actually thinks trade is essential." Vox World, April 20, 2016.

"Campaign Talk Misses Signs That Forces of Globalization Are Sputtering," Wall Street Journal, April 3, 2016.

"Trade, at what price?" The Economist, April 2, 2016.

"Jobs and Trade on the Campaign Trail," New York Times, April 2, 2016.

"Trump vows to 'break' NAFTA, but many workers may owe their jobs to free trade," PRI's The World, March 30, 2016.

"Nafta May Have Saved Many Autoworkers’ Jobs," New York Times, March 29, 2016.

"On Trade, Angry Voters Have a Point," New York Times, March 15, 2016.

"Why Trump Now?" New York Times, March 1, 2016.

"The Thorny Economics of Illegal Immigration," Wall Street Journal, Feb. 9, 2016.

"Trade in the balance," The Economist, Feb. 6, 2016.

"So What Would It Mean to ‘Beat China’ on Trade?" New York Times, Jan. 28, 2016.

“Free Trade with China Wasn’t Such a Good Idea for the U.S.” BloombergView, Jan. 26, 2016.

“Could this Map Make Donald Trump President?” Slate.com, Jan. 26, 2016.

“Donald Trump, Made in China,” Slate, Jan. 8, 2016.

"Donald Trump’s Shaky Grasp on Immigration," New York Times, Sept. 1, 2015.

“Perils of Globalization When Factories Close and Towns Struggle,” New York Times, May 16, 2015.

“Obama’s Uphill Push for Free Trade,” Wall Street Journal, April 30, 2015.

“A Fast Track for the Trans-Pacific Partnership,” On Point, WBUR, April 21, 2015.

“How the Vise on US Wages Tightened,” Wall Street Journal, March 31, 2015. 

“Free Trade: Obama’s Legacy and Your Pocketbook,” To the Point, KCRW, March 17, 2015.

“A Trade Deal Liberals Can Live With,” Bloomberg, March 17, 2015. 

“Why Obama’s Key Trade Deal with Asia Would Actually Be Good for American Workers,” Washington Post, March 12, 2015.

“Globalization That Works for Workers at Home,” New York Times, Feb. 25, 2015.

“The Rise of China and the Future of US Manufacturing,” VOX EU, September 28, 2014.
“This Time, Get Global Trade Right,” New York Times, April 20, 2014.
“Tech Leaps, Job Losses and Rising Inequality,” New York Times, April 16, 2014.
“Is the American Middle Class Losing out to India and China?” New York Times, April 1, 2014.
“20 Years Later: NAFTA’s Impact on US-Mexico Trade,” KPBS Evening Edition, March 5, 2014.
“Explained: Why Obama Loves Trade and Democrats Hate It.” Washington Post, Feb. 25, 2014.
"ECONOMIX BLOG: The Free-Trade Blues." New York Times, Aug. 5, 2013.
“Want Tougher Border Security? Hope for an Awful Economy.” Washington Post, June 24, 2013.
“Twin Storms for US Workers: Chinese Imports and Technological Change.” Christian Science Monitor, June 13, 2013.

“How Will Immigration Reform Affect California’s Economy?” KALW, 91.7 FM, San Francisco, June 4, 2013.
"For Medicare, Immigrants Offer Surplus, Study Finds." New York Times, May 29, 2013.
"A Novel Idea: Build Monster.com for Immigrant Labor." Bloomberg Businessweek, April 13, 2013.
"Is Globalization Wiping out the American Surfboard Industry?" PBS News Hour, March 21, 2013.
"The U.S.-Mexico Border Got Secured. Problem Solved?" Bloomberg Businessweek. Feb. 21, 2013.
"Technology, Trade and Fewer Jobs." New York Times. Feb. 14, 2013.
"Selling Amnesty." New York Times. Feb. 3, 2013.
"The Economics of Immigration: Who Wins, Who Loses, and Why." Time. Jan. 30, 2013.
"Want Tighter Border Security? You Are Already Getting It." Washington Post. Jan. 29, 2013.
"Free Exchange: Border Follies." The Economist. Nov. 17, 2012.
"The Good Newt." New York Times Opinion Pages. Dec. 11, 2011.
"Who’s Afraid of the Dragon?" The Economist. October 15, 2011.
"More Foreign Investment Wanted, Marketplace." National Public Radio. Oct. 10, 2011.
"On the Economy." Bloomberg Radio. Oct. 10, 2011.
"The Economic Reality of Tough Immigration Laws." National Public Radio, All Things Considered. Oct. 8, 2011.
"The Downside of Trade with China." Marketplace, National Public Radio. Sept. 27, 2011.
"Tallying the Toll of U.S.-China Trade." Wall Street Journal. Sept. 27, 2011.
"Why Isn’t Mexico Rich?" Interview with Expansion Magazine. Nov. 30, 2010.
Award ceremony. Chancellor’s Associates Faculty Excellence Award for Research in Social Science and the Humanities. March 2011. Video of Ceremony.
"Managing Immigration in High Income Countries." Center for Research and Analysis of Migration, University College London. March 23, 2010.
"The Economics and Policy of Illegal Immigration." Migration Policy Institute. Dec. 2, 2009. Video Presentation.
"Immigration, Public Policy and the Skills Debate." Ford School of Public Policy, University of Michigan. Nov. 19, 2009. Video Presentation.
Award Ceremony. Chancellor’s Associates Faculty Excellence Award for Research in Social Science and the Humanities. March 2011. Video Presentation.
"Room for Debate: The Competition for Low-Wage Jobs." New York Times. March 18, 2009.
"The Costs of Immigration." BlogTalkRadio. August 2008. Panel Discussion with Mike Farrell.
"The Body Politic: Immigration 2008." UCSD TV. July 2008. Panel Discussion with Wayne Corneilius.
"Dodging the Guest Worker Bullet." Wall Street Journal. July 5, 2007. Opinion-Editorial, p. A15.
"Free Markets Need Free People." Wall Street Journal. April 10, 2007. Opinion-Editorial, p. A19.

Gordon Hanson